GhostPack: C# Offensive Framework

This is a game changer for red teaming and offensive security. The guys from SpecterOps have just published GhostPack. This represents the transition from Offensive PowerShell frameworks to C# frameworks. This was much expected as blue teams are catching up on PowerShell detection/prevention controls. Moreover, red teams need “offense in depth” having different variations of their toolset based on the engagement needs.

GhostPack is a collection various C# implementations of previous PowerShell functionality, and includes six separate toolsets being released:

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CrySyS Lab Analysis on NSA’s Territorial Dispute

CrySyS Lab has provided a great document on its analysis on NSA’s perspective on the APT landscape. The analysis is based on Shadow Brokers leak (“Lost in Translation” leak) and most specifically on the module called “Territorial Dispute“. The purpose of this module is to detect presence of competing state intelligence services. NSA wanted to secure its operations, avoid any conflict between “Five Eyes” group as well as get intelligence on the targets of the competing state intelligence services.

See below some interesting points related to the analysis done by CrySyS Lab:

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WMI Persistence Goes Mainstream

This blog post from CrowdStrike provides some good information related to the persistence mechanisms used by WannaMine cryptomining worm. According to the post, WannaMine employs “living off the land” techniques such as Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) permanent event subscriptions as a persistence mechanism. It is really interesting that crypto mining malware adapt so quickly their TTPs and use techniques that are mostly used by APT groups.

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Post Exploitation 101

I read the following tweet by Florian Roth a couple of days ago:

I could not agree more with the reply from Florian. See below a list of resources that help tuning detection mechanisms for post exploitation activities.

  1. Windows enumeration commands 
  2. Windows post exploitation resources
  3. Living off the land
  4. Windows commands abused by the attackers
  5. Post Exploitation using WMIC
  6. Post Exploitation in Windows using dir Command
  7. Post Exploitation on Windows PC
  8. Linux post exploitation
  9. Patterns of behaviour

Enjoy and happy hunting ;)

Red Teaming Tips by Vincent Yiu

Vincent Yiu has tweeted some really useful red teaming tips.

  • Red Tip #1: Profile your victim and use their user agent to mask your traffic. Alternatively use UA from software such as Outlook.
  • Red tip #2: If the enemy SOC is using proxy logs for analysis. Guess what? It won’t log cookies or POST body content as can be sensitive.
  • Red tip #3: Taking a snapshot of AD can let you browse, explore and formulate future attacks if access is lost momentarily.
  • Red tip #4: consider using Office Template macros and replacing normal.dot  for persistence in VDI environments.
  • Red tip #5: Do a DNS lookup for terms such as intranet, sharepoint, wiki, nessus, cyberark and many others to start intel on your target.

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My favorite DFIR presentations for 2016

 

2016 was a year full of interesting presentations and conferences! I took a moment to think about the presentations that helped me better understand the threat landscape, introduced me to new tools and processes, provided inspiration for my team and help me with my daily operations.

The selection of the presentations below is subjective but  indicative of the trends regarding the DFIR community during 2016. Moreover, the below sequence is completely random.

I would appreciate any feedback and I would be more than happy to be sent your ones! Enjoy!

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